Compatibilism

Compatibilism
also known as "soft determinism" and championed by Hume, is a theory which holds that free will and determinism are compatible. According to Hume, free will should not be understood as an absolute ability to have chosen differently under exactly the same inner and outer circumstances. Rather, it is a hypothetical ability to have chosen differently if one had been differently psychologically disposed by some different beliefs or desires. Hume also maintains that free acts are not uncaused (or mysteriously self-caused as Kant would have it) but caused by our choices as determined by our beliefs, desires, and by our characters. While a decision making process exists in Hume's determinism, this process is governed by a causal chain of events.

Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • compatibilism —    Compatibilism about x and y is the doctrine that x and y are compatible, that is, that they may obtain together or be true together or that an individual may possess both. The usual use of this term in philosophy is concerning freedom or moral …   Christian Philosophy

  • Compatibilism — Schopenhauer said: Man is free to do what he wills, but he cannot will what he wills. The Compatibilist calls this limited freedom free will . This page discusses a philosophical view on free will. See other uses of the term Compatibility.… …   Wikipedia

  • Compatibilism and incompatibilism — For other uses of each of these words, see Compatibility. Compatibilism is the belief that free will and determinism are compatible ideas, and that it is possible to believe both without being logically inconsistent (people who hold this belief… …   Wikipedia

  • compatibilism — Thesis that free will, in the sense required for moral responsibility, is consistent with universal causal determinism. It is important to distinguish the question of the logical consistency of belief in universal causal determinism with belief… …   Universalium

  • compatibilism — noun The doctrine that free will and determinism are compatible ideas. Ant: incompatibilism …   Wiktionary

  • compatibilism — See free will …   Philosophy dictionary

  • compatibilism — n. belief that both determinism and free will are compatible …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Free will — This article is about the philosophical questions of free will. For other uses, see Free will (disambiguation). A domino s movement is determined completely by laws of physics. Incompatibilists say that this is a threat to free will, but… …   Wikipedia

  • Libertarianism (metaphysics) — This article is about a form of metaphysics. For the political philosophy, see Libertarianism. For Libertarian political parties, see Libertarian Party. The task of the metaphysical libertarian is to reconcile free will with indeterminism… …   Wikipedia

  • David Hume — For other people named David Hume, see David Hume (disambiguation). David Hume David Hume Born 7 May 1711(1711 05 07) Edinburgh, Scotland Died 25 August 1776( …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”